THE CONCEPT OF ṢAHĀBA AND ʿADALA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE AHL AL-SUNNAH
26th November 2016
The companions of the Prophet (ṣahāba) have been integral in transmitting the Prophet’s words, actions, and tacit approval, also known as the Sunna. The Sunni view would accord trustworthiness (ʿadala) to the companions in their narrations from the Prophet, routed in the adage “the companions are all trustworthy” (al- ṣahāba kulluhum ʿadūl). This notion of trustworthiness was examined at the CIMS meeting on 26th November by Maulana Abdul Hamid Kusuri.
The discussion brought to light the diversity even amongst Sunni scholars regarding the justice of the companions, with scholars such Maulana Maududi and Syed Qutb not considering the companion to be free of scrutiny even in narrating hadith. Furthermore, narrations such as the well-known narration from the Prophet: ‘one who fabricates on me has reserved a place in hell’ are indicative that some companions were involved in fabricating hadith.